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France; Andorra

France; Andorra

France has undergone some changes with regard to their departments. 


GRAND EST comprises of - Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne and Lorraine. The regional Capital is Strasbourg.

NOUVELLE AQUITAINE comprises of - Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The regional capital is Bordeaux.

AUVERGE-RHÔNE-ALPES comprises of - Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes. The regional capital is Lyon.

BOURGOGNE-FRANCHE-COMTÉ comprises of - Bourgogne and Franche-Comté. The regional capital is Dijon.

CENTRE-VAL DE LOIRE - the centre regional area is the same - Cher, Eure-et-Loir, Indre, Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, and Loiret. It is just the name which has been changed. The regional capital remains Orléans.

NORMANDIE comprises of - Haute Normandie and Basse Normandie. The regional capital is Rouen.

OCCITAINE comprises of - Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées. The regional Capital is Toulouse.

HAUTS-DE-FRANCE comprises of - Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy. The regional capital is Lille.

There are no changes with regard to Bretagne, Corsica, Île-de-France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur and Pays de la Loire. They all retain their area, name and prefecture.

Brittany  - Côtes-d'Armor, Finistère,Ille-et-Vilaine, and Morbihan ( regional capital is Rennes)

Corsica - Corse-du-Sud, Haute-Corse ( regional capital is Ajaccio)

Île de France - Essonne, Hauts-de-Seine, Paris, Seine-et-Marne, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-d'Oise, Val-de-Marne, and Yvelines (regional capital is Paris)

Provence - Alps - Cote d'Azur - Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Alpes-Maritimes, Bouches-du-Rhône, Hautes-Alpes, Var, and Vaucluse (regional capital is  Marseille)

Pays de la Loire - Loire-Atlantique, Maine-et-Loire, Mayenne, Sarthe, and Vendée (regional capital is Nantes)

The Principality of Andorra.


The Principality of Andorra is also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra. It is a sovereign landlocked microstate in south western Europe. Located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by France in the north, and the Spanish community of Catalonia in the south.  The present principality was formed in 1278. It is known as a principality as it is a diarchy headed by two Co-Princes – the Catholic Bishop of Urgell in Spain and the President of France.

Andorra is the sixth-smallest nation in Europe, having an area of 468 km2 (181 sq mi). It is the 16th-smallest country in the world by land and 11th-smallest country by population. Its capital Andorra la Vella is the highest capital city in Europe, at an elevation of 1,023 metres (3,356 feet) above sea level. The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also often spoken.

It is not a member of the European Union, but the euro is the official currency.