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Philippines; India; Thailand; Vietnam;

 





Philippines; India; Thailand; Vietnam;

 
Philippines


 

Overview: Officially known as the Republic of the Philippines. As it lies close to the equator and lies on the Pacific Ring of Fire  the Philippines is prone to both earthquakes and typhoons.

History: In 1565, the first Hispanic settlement was constructed, due to the arrival of Mexican, Miguel López de Legazpi. The Philippines was actually named in honor of King Philip II of Spain - although the name has changed several times during history.

Capital: Manila

Language: Filipino and English.

Food and Drink: These include Balut, Lechon ( spit roast pig), Adobo Chicken, Sinigang (soup), Rice, Pancit, Pork Sisig, Pancit Canton, Lumpia, Bicol Express and Vegetarian Adobo (pork).


 

India


 

Overview: Officially known as the Republic of India. The national symbol of India is the Bengal Tiger.  Cows are considered sacred and will often wear a tilak, a Hindu symbol of good fortune. They  can be found freely wandering the streets of India’s cities.

History: India became an independent nation on 15th August 1947. This was after the end of British rule which began in 1858. Then India was split into the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Following that, an area between India and Pakistan became the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

Capital: New Dehli

Language:  Hindi, Telugu, English,  Bengali, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, and Assamese.

Food and Drink: Recipes include -  chicken, rice, Biryani, lamb, whole-wheat flour, pearl millet, momos, Idli, lentils, fish, pigeon peas, Gulab jamun, chickpeas, mung beans, chole bhature, nethili varuval and kidney beans. 
 


 
Thailand


 

Overview: Until 1939 Thailand was known as Siam. Officially known as the Kingdom of Thailand. It has over 1430 islands.

History: Siam joined the Allies in WWI. Thailand has been considered as a "partial democracy" for many decades.

Capital: Bangkok ( full ceremonial name is Krungthepmahanakhon Amonrattanakosin Mahintharayutthaya Mahadilokphop Noppharatratchathaniburirom Udomratchaniwetmahasathan Amonphimanawatansathit Sakkathattiyawitsanukamprasit )

Language: Thai

Food and Drink: These include - curries (often green and also red, but also crispy noodle curry), rice, coconuts, Nam Pla Prig ( a sauce), dried Pork Strips (Moo Ded Deo), chicken ( including in ginger), soups and a variety of tropical fruits.
 


 
Vietnam


 

Overview:  Officially known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Vietnam was originally spelled as two words, Viet Nam. The 5 points of the star on their flag represents farmers, workers, intellectuals, youth, and soldiers. The red background is a tribute to the bloodshed during the wars. 

History: In 938 AD, the Vietnamese had a trade system which exchanged ivory, animal skins and tropical goods for Chinese scrolls on administration, philosophy and literature. France gained control of Vietnam in 1890. Then Japan took control during World War II for a brief period. In 1945, Ho Chi Minh, the leader of the Vietnamese Communist Party, declared Vietnam was an independent country.

Capital: Hanoi

Language: Vietnamese

Food and Drink: Rice, noodles and varieties of things which can be derived from them both are extensively eaten here. Pho is a rice noodle soup eaten in Vietnam. Bánh mì,  Bánh Mì Hồng Hoa, Ốp la, Bánh Mì Huỳnh Hoa, Bún chả and Bánh bá trạng are also well known here.